Stack of two Antennas Combining System with BIP and BOP function (Both In Phase and Both Out of Phase).
Stack of two Antennas Combining System. Allows any of the four combinations for upper/lower/Both In Phase(BIP)/Both Out Phase(BOP) antennas, vertically shaping the radiation lobes and changing the radiation take-off angle to optimize the signals depending on the varying ionospheric propagation angles. 7 to 30 MHz. 3 kW. SO-239 connectors. Includes a rotary switch controller that needs 12 V DC 1A.
Comparison of the three combinations of a stack of two five element Yagi-Uda antennas. The possible combinations are as follows:
-The two antennas at the same time (Black). Main lobe at 11.5 degree and deep null at 28 degrees above the horizon.
-The upper antenna alone (Blue). Main lobes at 10 and 31 degrees. Nulls at 21 and 45 degrees above the horizon.
-The lower antenna alone (Red). main lobe at 18 degrees. Null at 45 degrees above the horizon.
The use of the StackMatch to combine the antennas in phase delivers more gain, up 3 dB in the case of two antennas compared to a single one. But even more important is the coverage of the angles with the resultant lobes obtained with three different combinations. These different lobe angles will cover the variation of the incoming waves angles which depend on the varying ionospheric propagation conditions.
Low angle lobes are good for long-haul contacts specially at dusk and down while high angle lobes are better near local noon along the propagation path.
When the antennas are fed out of phase (BOP), the main lobes have a higher elevation angle which adds more coverage to the varying angles of due to the variation on the ionospheric propagation conditions.
Below, we can see, in black pattern, the higher lobe elevations produced by the BOP. Notice that the upper antenna alone covers the same elevation angle but with less gain than the two antennas combined and out of phase.